Decentralized Energy Systems and Health Equity Lessons from Implementations

However, the impact of decentralized energy systems goes beyond just delivering clean energy – it also holds the potential to improve health equity in these communities.

The Link Between Energy Access and Health Equity

Access to reliable energy is a crucial determinant of health outcomes, particularly in low-income and marginalized communities. Lack of access to electricity hinders the provision of essential healthcare services, including refrigeration for vaccines, lighting for medical facilities, and powering medical equipment. In addition, reliance on traditional, polluting sources of energy such as kerosene and biomass for cooking and heating contributes to indoor air pollution, which is a major cause of respiratory illnesses. Therefore, ensuring universal access to clean and reliable energy is an essential component of achieving health equity.

Advantages of Decentralized Energy Systems for Health Equity

  • Improved healthcare delivery: Decentralized energy systems enable healthcare facilities in remote areas to function efficiently and deliver quality care by providing electricity for lighting, medical equipment, and refrigeration.
  • Reduced indoor air pollution: By replacing traditional, polluting sources of energy with clean alternatives, decentralized energy systems reduce indoor air pollution, which has a significant impact on respiratory health.
  • Enhanced community resilience: Decentralized energy systems, often paired with energy storage solutions, can ensure a stable energy supply during natural disasters or other disruptions, allowing healthcare services to continue uninterrupted.

Lessons from Implementations

Several successful implementations of decentralized energy systems have demonstrated the positive impact on health equity. Let’s explore some key takeaways from these projects:

The Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) – Benin

In Benin, SELF implemented solar-powered health centers, providing access to electricity in remote communities. The project resulted in improved healthcare delivery, reduced mortality rates, and increased vaccine coverage. Additionally, the solar electric systems enabled health workers to charge their mobile phones, facilitating communication and coordination.

Clean Energy for Health (CEH) – India

The CEH initiative in India focuses on providing solar-powered solutions to address energy needs in healthcare facilities. The project not only improved healthcare services but also reduced operational costs by eliminating expensive diesel generators. As a result, the funds saved were redirected toward improving patient care.

Smart Villages – Uganda

The Smart Villages project in Uganda deployed solar-powered microgrids in rural communities, improving energy access and creating economic opportunities. With reliable electricity, healthcare facilities can deliver better services, while households can access clean energy for cooking, lighting, and charging electronic devices.


Decentralized energy systems offer a transformative solution to address energy poverty and promote health equity. By providing clean, reliable electricity, these systems enhance healthcare delivery, reduce indoor air pollution, and strengthen community resilience. Implementations in various regions have demonstrated the positive impact of decentralized energy on health outcomes. It is crucial for policymakers, energy practitioners, and the healthcare sector to collaborate and prioritize the deployment of decentralized energy systems to ensure a healthier and more equitable future.

For more information on the importance of energy access for health equity, please visit the World Health Organization’s official website.

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