The Future of Tidal and Wave Energy in Developing Economies

In this article, we will explore the potential of tidal and wave energy and how it can shape the future of energy production in these countries.

Understanding Tidal and Wave Energy

Tidal energy harnesses the power of ocean tides, while wave energy captures the energy generated by ocean waves. Both forms of energy have immense potential due to the consistent and abundant nature of the ocean’s energy. Developing economies, often blessed with vast coastlines, can leverage these resources to meet their energy demands while reducing dependence on fossil fuels.

Advantages of Tidal and Wave Energy

  • Renewable and Clean: Tidal and wave energy sources are renewable and emit no greenhouse gases, ensuring a sustainable and low-carbon future.
  • Consistent Power Generation: Tides and waves are predictable, which allows for reliable power generation, without the intermittency seen in solar or wind energy.
  • Abundant Resource: Oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth’s surface, offering an abundant and untapped source of energy. Developing economies with long coastlines have the advantage of accessing this vast potential.
  • Job Creation and Economic Growth: Investing in tidal and wave energy projects can create job opportunities and stimulate economic growth, benefiting developing economies.
  • Innovation and Technological Advancements: The development of tidal and wave energy technologies can spur innovation, driving the growth of associated industries and contributing to technological advancements.

Current Scenario in Developing Economies

Several developing economies have already recognized the potential of tidal and wave energy and started investing in projects to harness this clean energy. Let’s take a closer look at some notable developments:


  • India has a coastline of over 7,500 kilometers, presenting a vast potential for tidal and wave energy generation.
  • Projects such as the Gulf of Khambhat Tidal Park and the Sagar Project are underway to harness tidal and wave energy.
  • India aims to install 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity, including tidal and wave energy, by 2022.


  • China is the largest consumer of energy globally, and it is looking at tidal and wave energy as a sustainable solution.
  • The country has been actively investing in tidal energy projects, including the Rance Tidal Power Station.
  • China sets a target of generating 320 GW of renewable energy by 2030, which includes significant contributions from tidal and wave power sources.


  • Brazil has a long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, providing abundant opportunities for tidal and wave energy harnessing.
  • The country has initiated several pilot projects, like the Mar del Plata Wave Energy Project, to explore the potential of wave energy.
  • Brazil aims to have 45% of its energy matrix based on renewables by 2030, highlighting the importance of tidal and wave energy in its transition to cleaner energy sources.

The Path to the Future

While the potential of tidal and wave energy in developing economies is significant, there are challenges to address and steps to be taken to ensure a smooth transition. Here are some key takeaways:

  • Infrastructure Development: Developing the necessary infrastructure for tidal and wave energy projects, such as tidal barrages and wave farms, is essential. This requires substantial investment and collaboration between governments, private sector stakeholders, and international organizations.
  • Technological Advancements: Continued research and development are critical to improving efficiency and reducing costs associated with tidal and wave energy technologies.
  • Policy Support: Governments should provide policy frameworks, incentives, and regulatory support to encourage investment in tidal and wave energy projects.
  • Knowledge Sharing: International cooperation and knowledge exchange will enable developing economies to learn from successful implementation of tidal and wave energy projects in other regions.
  • Community Engagement: Involving local communities and stakeholders in the decision-making and benefits-sharing processes is crucial to ensure acceptance and enable long-term sustainable projects.

The future of tidal and wave energy in developing economies holds immense promise. It not only offers a clean and renewable energy source but also provides an opportunity for economic growth, job creation, and technological advancements. With proper planning, investment, and collaboration, these countries can lead the transition towards a more sustainable future.

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